There are many different choices that can be made using wine making. You do not need to be an professional to do wine making as there are resources to be had for everybody to do their own winemaking. There are kits that can be utilized to make wine in addition to numerous books that provide loads of information on making wine. Home wine making has been practiced for centuries and this is how the big wine companies first got started.
The chief point of wine making is to convert grape juice into wine which is an alcoholic beverage. This happens owing to wine yeast. The yeast needs sugar to grow and as it consumes yeast it produces alcohol. As well alcohol the yeast will also make carbon dioxide and other flavor compounds. It is the yeast that makes the wine what it is as well as all of the varied smells and tastes.
White wine making is incredibly akin to red wine making however there is one chief difference. For white wine the juice is inoculated with yeast and then the juice is fermented into wine. The grapes skins, seeds and stems are all separated from the juice so only the juice is being made into wine. For red wine the skins of the grape are left in the juice, the yeast is added and the juice is fermented into wine. Because the grape skins are in the juice the alcohol that is being produced extracts the color from the grape skins producing a colored, or red, wine.
Sparkling wine features an extra step. The wine is fermented akin to white wine. Once this still wine is produced there is a second fermentation.
Once you have still wine, the wine is put into bottles, a little bit of juice or sugar solution is added to the wine with some extra yeast. The bottles are then capped and a second fermentation occurs in the bottle. The CO2 produced builds up in the bottle so that when you open the sparkling wine it fizzes.
Fortified wines also have a different type of wine making. Fortified wines are sweet wines that have high alcohol. This end product is reached by stopping the yeast fermentation so there is still plenty of sugar left. The high alcohol content comes from the addition of spirits to stop the yeast.
Dessert wines additionally known as late harvest wines or ice wines are additionally highly sweet wines. The grapes are left on the vine for a really long time so they are shriveled and like raisins. This means they have a extremely high sugar content. Fermentation is ended in the middle so that there is still lots of sugar in the wine. This is done by cooling down the wine speedily as yeast will not grow at cold temperatures.
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