Growing grapes dates back to the beginnings of the development of human civilization. The process has been perfected over centuries of trial and error and if known, today it enables us not only to find, but also to make ourselves, high quality wines that delight our palates.

The Growing Process

Before you can enjoy that first glass of wine, you will have to grow the grapes. There are two different grape varieties groups to choose from when you are first beginning to plant your grapevine; the European grape varieties and the hybrids.

Picking the Right Grape Cultivar

Traditional grape growing in areas like California most likely use the European varieties. Those who live in areas where there is a shorter growing season are limited to the hybrid grape varieties. Hardiness through winter and resistance to disease has been bred into the hybrid grapes. We all know that wine is offered in either wine or red so, this is also something to consider when thinking about.

what kinds of grapes to grow

The most important thing to remember about growing grapes is that they are perennial plants, and therefore, it will be about three years before you are able to harvest your first crop. But, some good news is that the quality does not reflect on the winemaker but on the grapevines.

Establish Optimum Growing Conditions

You will have to offer your grapevines a proper growing site, access to full sunlight and nutrient-poor soil. If grapes are grown in nutrient-poor soil that is dry it will stress out the vine. Stressing out the vine will cause it to produce small grapes. Winemakers depend on small grapes because the skin of the grapes contains all the color and flavor, which are what you need for wine. Larger berries that are appetizing to eat contain less skin and more juice.

Establish the Prime Cropping Time

In order to determine if its time to harvest your grapevine, you will need to measure the acidity of the fruit in each vine. When harvesting, it is essential that you stabilize acidity levels before adding the yeast to ensure proper fermentation. You can find acidity measurers and acidity stabilizing chemicals at your local wine making supply store, as well as bottles, corks and wine fermenting yeast.

The Fermentation & Finishing Process

While there are several different yeast types that can be used to ferment your wine, each type will offer different subtleties in flavor and bouquet. Finding the one that is the best for your taste might take a bit of research or testing, but it may just be the taste change that you are looking for. As soon as you control de acidity levels, you can move on to adding the yeast for fermentation to take place. Fermentation takes about a week, after which the wine is ready to age. Ageing varies in length, from several months to numerous years, to complete.

When the wine turns clear, its time to bottle. Then a second, and final, ageing is done to prepare the wine before its consumption. When it comes to ageing, be patient and remember the popular saying: the longer the ageing, the better the wine. In time, you will taste the difference.

Pierre Duponte is a grape growing expert. He spends his time teaching others how to make fine wines. For more great tips on How To Grow Grapes and how to make wine visit

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