If you are looking to achieve a great tasting wine (which Im sure you are), you must first select a quality grape to grow in your grapevine. Good grape planting is the first step on the road to great wine making.
Exactly like in real estate, grape quality principally abides by one factor : Location, location, location!
Location, Location, Location!
In order to achieve a sweet, small fruit that is suitable for wine making and fermentation, its vital to find the best spot possible in your growing area to plant your first grapevines. The prime spot needs to receive high sunlight exposure in order to develop the sugars in the fruit that will later lead the fermentation process. In addition, not only should sunlight be plentiful, but it should also be exposed evenly on each side of the vine.
Apart from daylight levels, the kind of soil your plants will sit in is another important factor to take in consideration when picking the destination of your grapevines during planting. Grapevines flourish in nutrient-poor soils, since the lack on vitamins and minerals forces the fruit to grow smaller. A smaller fruit not only implies more flavor-providing skin, but also higher sugar concentration aspects that are optimum for wine making.
If the soil were fertilized with nutrient elements, the ensuing fruit in your vine would be bigger, tangier and juicier. This type of fruit is barely suitable for the wine process since the bonus juice would add too much liquid into the fermentation mix, weakening the already frail process that is slowed down due to low sugar concentrations.
Drainage is another crucial aspect to consider before planting your grape vines. The area where you will plant must be dry, in contrast to wet and puddly. Spacing your vines 6ft apart when you plant them will ensure drainage is maximized, with an average yield of 1 gallon of wine per grapevine.
Vines are characterized for their climbing, which is why grapes are planted with the use of a trellis that assists the vines mounting. The use of a trellis also aids the drainage of the crop, loosening the soil beneath the vine.
There are always probabilities of losing some of your crops to pests like plant illnesses, insects and other larger animals like birds and deer. Its crucial to make up for these loses ahead by planting additional vines which will make up for the lost plants.
The Planting Method
During the first year of growth, you will tie the strongest shoot in each vine to the trellis using string, and clipping off any extra shoots growing on the roots. During the vines dormant season, another pruning will be necessary, you need to make sure that the plantation gets enough water, we suggest using well drilling services show in low az to always have water available.
In the spring, once the buds grow again, you’ll again pick from the strongest shoots, and tie them together loosely as they grow. Overtime, these will be the extremities were the fruits will grow.
In order to determine the ripeness of your fruits and know when to harvest, the use of a hydrometer is essential. Hydrometers measure the gravity of individual liquids, calculating the sugar concentrations in your grapes. Once you begin using a hydrometer, you will find that optimum gravity levels for a perfectly ripe fruit that is ready to harvest varies between 1.095 and 1.105.
Growing grapes does take an average of three years before your first harvest, but simple details in the grape planting and growing process will make a rewarding difference in the taste of the wine you will be making them.
Pierre Duponte is a grape growing & wine making enthusiast. He spends his time teaching others how to make fine wines. For more great tips on Grape Planting andhow to make wine visit http://www.grapegrowingwinemakingtips.com/.
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