by Louie Kittani

People LOVE wine and have been cultivating grapes and growing grape vines for thousands of years and the reason is quite simple … wine tastes good and is good for you.

A vineyard is a macro universe in itself. Managing one is a task that requires basic knowledge & facts about growing grape vines. However, this is not impossible. A major initial decision for grape growers to make is where to locate their vines in relation to the limitations of their chosen propertys boundaries.

However, as with anything, planning and solid preparation will create an enjoyable and rewarding experience. It doesn’t matter a great deal whether you are growing a small plot of grapes in your backyard or a full vineyard covering many acres … the growing conditions in which grapes (depending on the variety) thrive are the same.

Within this framework, the Top 10 Key Environmental Factors to consider are:

daily sunlight duration slope altitude & frost heat pockets spacing soil quality rainfall trends water drainage wind conditions climate trends

Certain grape varieties can only be successfully grown in the correct geographic location, where climate and soil conditions are appropriate to the variety you would like to cultivate. Thus, while there are other equally-important factors to consider, determining the correct location is critical; this is an irreversible decision and will spell the difference between a successful, long-lived vineyard and a disastrous, short-lived one.

Certain grape varieties can only be successfully grown in the correct geographic location, where climate and soil conditions are appropriate to the variety you would like to cultivate. Thus, while there are other equally-important factors to consider, determining the correct location is critical; this is an irreversible decision and will spell the difference between a successful, long-lived vineyard and a disastrous, short-lived one.

A South-facing slope supplies a n earlier crop, but there is more danger of injury to the tender shoots from late spring frost. With northern or eastern facing slopes this risk is avoided, but supplies a later harvest. For the grower, the decision to make is whether an earlier crop is worth the risk.

The amount of sunlight available, the extent and variety of the surrounding flora and fauna, soil condition and prevailing climate are also important factors to consider when planning where to start the vineyard.

The amount of sunlight available, the extent and variety of the surrounding flora and fauna, soil condition and prevailing climate are also important factors to consider when planning where to start the vineyard.

The growing season must coincide with the time when sunlight is most abundant. Pests and other animals that could destroy the crops must be controlled so it is important that the vineyard is located far from where these creatures reside. Soil composition must be analyzed so it can be matched with the correct vine type too. General climatic conditions will dictate how the whole process will proceed.

A site that has a gentle slope and good drainage will make the best location. It should not be near any woodlands or overgrown areas, where wildlife could eat grapes and damage vines. The vineyard should not be located near farms that may be using herbicides that are harmful to the vines. While modern technology could enhance the process of wine production, its presentation, even marketing and other economic considerations; only the best-located and best-prepared vineyard can produce the best wines.

These facts and many more are covered in my Top 25 Grape Growing Secrets mini-course.

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