The hallowed grounds of winemaking, The Barossa, is internationally renown for its great red wines and primarily its Shiraz. Shiraz from the Barossa is used in the production of Penfolds Grange, Australia’s most famous wine. Henschke Hill of Grace also uses Barossa Shiraz for their wine.

The famous Barossa wine region is a little over an hour by car north of Adelaide, South Australia's capital. Something that surprises many people is that the Barossa actually encompasses two regions - the Barossa Valley and Eden Valley.

The Barossa Valley is generally less than 400 metres above sea-level and stretches from Williamstown in the south to Kapunda and Truro in the north. Although the Barossa Valley has abundant amounts of fertile red-brown soil, it actually received around 50% less rainfall than the neighboring Eden Valley. Temperatures are generally about 2?C warmer.

The geography for Eden Valley ranges from Truro in the north down to Mount Pleasant in the south. On average the land ranges from about 400 to 600 metres above sea level with a majority of the wine growing land located in the higher sections of land. Eden Valley has much rockier, acidic soil than the Barossa Valley and also enjoys about 255mm more rainfall every year. The cooler temperatures in this region means that growing seasons are generally longer.

When this is all added together, you end up with a great concoction for grape growing!

In totall there are around 550 growers in the Barossa region, with some stretching back up to six generations. When combined, the total growing area is over 8,000 hectares which yields around 55,000 tonnes of grapes each season.
The Barossa has remained phylloxera free since growing first started here. By avoiding phylloxera this has allowed growers to keep their root stocks and have some of the oldest vines in the world today.

Even though the Barossa represents about 5% of Australia’s national crush, the fruit produced is premium quality. Wines produced in the Barossa have a disproportionately high representation in the super-premium category, making it one of Austrlia’s most influential international wines.

No wonder Barossa Shiraz is revered around the world.

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